The city of Ephesus was the fourth largest in the Roman Empire, with an estimated population of 250,000 people. It was also a major city for the Roman government as it was an important center for trade, mining, and education. The school of Tyrannus was one of the most popular schools in Asia. The harbor at Ephesus supplied the whole region of Asia Minor. While many historians claimed that all roads lead to Rome, they also claimed that all roads lead from Ephesus.
While many historians claimed that all roads lead to Rome, they also claimed that all roads lead from Ephesus.
In addition to this, the goddess Artemis was the great guardian of the city and region. Her temple was one of the seven wonders of the world and became a major banking institution for the many satellite campuses throughout the area. Artemis had also become the goddess of wisdom, magic, and the underworld during the early first century. When Paul brought the message of Jesus to this city, a powerful storm arose, one that witnessed the colliding of magic, the demonic, and the Spirit of God. Jesus, the head of the church, clashed with Artemis, the head of the city. In Paul’s letters to the Ephesians and Colossians; Jesus’ supremacy was on trial not only in the city, but the lives of these new converts to Christianity.